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Gout: Foods to Avoid and Beneficial for Treatment

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Gout and its Relationship with Uric Acid Levels

Gout is a condition associated with high levels of uric acid in the blood, which leads to the formation of microcrystals in the joints. It usually begins in the big toe, triggering an extremely painful and limiting acute inflammatory response.

Foods to Avoid to Control Gout

There are certain foods that should be avoided as they can increase uric acid levels and trigger a gout attack. Dr. Nuria Martí, head of the Rheumatology Service at the General University Hospital of Catalonia, warns about these foods:

• Red meats (pork, beef, lamb)

• Seafood

• Built-ins

• Blue Fish

• Dairy

• Alcoholic beverages, especially high alcohol content and beer

• Sugary drinks

Beneficial Foods for the Treatment of Gout

On the other hand, Dr. Martí highlights the importance of certain foods in the treatment of gout, mentioning:

• Red fruits (blueberries, cherries)

• Citrus fruits (oranges, tangerines, grapefruits), due to their vitamin C content, which acts as a protector

• Milk, yogurt, and low-fat dairy products

• Nuts (such as walnuts)

• Proteins of plant origin (legumes)

• Coffee, including decaffeinated

Final Considerations for Gout Treatment

It is important to keep in mind that maintaining good hydration and adequate body weight are essential for the treatment of gout. A varied and healthy diet, with an adequate balance of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids, and a reduction in the intake of red meat, saturated fats and refined carbohydrates, are essential to maintain a stable weight and control gout.

In addition, the consumption of foods rich in purines of plant origin, such as peas, beans, lentils, spinach, mushrooms, oats or cauliflower, is recommended as part of a balanced diet. However, the recommendation of these foods must be individualized for each patient.

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